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Woodburning or Multifuel Stove - Woodburning Chart

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Wood suitable for burning on a woodburning or multifuel stove

The quality of the following firewood is based upon various characteristics such as its speed of burn, heat given off, tendency to spark (spit), ease of splitting, time required to season, etc

*
Grade: 1 = Poor
Grade: 2 = Low
Grade: 3 = Good
Grade: 4 = High.

Common NameBotanical NameCommentsGrade
AlderAlnusA low quality firewoodGrade: 1
AppleMalusNeeds to be seasoned well. Burns well with a pleasant smell and without sparking/spitting.Grade: 3
AshFraxinusConsidered to be one of the best woods for firewood. It has a low water content (approx. 50%) and can be split very easily with an axe. It can be burned green but like all wood is best when seasoned. Burns at a steady rate and not too fast.Grade: 4
BeechFagusBeech has a high water content (approx. 90%) so only burns well when seasoned well. Not as good as Oak.Grade: 3
BirchBetulaBirch is an excellent firewood and will burn unseasoned. However, it does burn very fast so is best mixed with slower burning wood such as Elm or Oak. Grade: 3-4
CedarCedrusA good firewood which burns well with a pleasant smell. Gives off a good, lasting heat. Doesn't spit too much and small pieces can be burned unseasonedGrade: 2
CherryPrunusNeeds to be seasoned well. Burns well with a pleasant smell and without spitting. Grade: 2-3
ElmUlmusA good firewood but due to its high water content of approximately 140% (more water than wood!) it must be seasoned very well. It may need assistance from another faster burning wood such as Birch to keep it burning well. However it gives off a good, lasting heat and burns very slowly. Dutch Elm Disease is producing a constant & plentiful supply of small dead hedgerow Elm trees of a small diameter. Larger pieces of wood will prove difficult to split. Grade: 2-3
EucalyptusEucalyptusAllow to season well since the wood is very wet (sappy) when fresh. Can be difficult to split due to stringy wood fibre. Best method is to slice into rings and allow to season during the summer, the rings will start to split themselves. Burns fast with a pleasant smell and without spitting. Grade: 2-3
HawthornCrataegusGood firewood. Burns wellGrade: 3-4
HazelCorylusExcellent firewood. Allow to season. Burns fast but without spittingGrade: 4
HollyIlexCan be burnt green. A good firewoodGrade: 3
HornbeamCarpinusGood firewood. Burns wellGrade: 3
Horse ChestnutAesculusA low quality firewoodGrade: 2
LarchLarixNeeds to be seasoned well. Spits excessively while it burns and forms an oily soot within chimney's.Grade: 1
LimeTiliaA low quality firewoodGrade: 2
OakQuercusOne of the best firewood's. When seasoned well, it gives off a good, lasting heat. Burns reasonably slowly.Grade: 4
PearPyrusNeeds to be seasoned well. Burns well with a pleasant smell and without spitting. Grade: 3
PinePinusNeeds to be seasoned well. Spits while it burns and forms an oily soot within chimney's. Grade: 1
PlanePlatanusA usable firewoodGrade: 3
PoplarPopulusConsidered a poorer firewood (see comments below)Grade: 1
RowanSorbus aucupariaGood firewood. Burns wellGrade: 3
SprucePiceaA low quality firewoodGrade: 2
Sweet ChestnutCastaneaBurns when seasoned but spits continuously and excessively. Not for use on an open fire and make sure wood-burning stoves have a good door catchGrade: 1-2
Sycamore (Maples)Acer pseudoplatanusGood firewood. Burns wellGrade: 3
WalnutJuglansA low quality firewoodGrade: 2
WellingtoniaSequoiadendronPoor for use as a firewood.Grade: 1
WillowSalixWillow has a high water content so only burns well when seasoned wellGrade: 2
YewTaxusA usable firewoodGrade: 2-3

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